Archive for February, 2013


Thursday, February 7th, 2013

Welcome to my home page. This is my personal website, as distinguished from my official university website, which is available at this address: Here at starcraving. com, you’ll find a wide range of content. You’llĀ  be able to read or download portions of two of my previously published books, plus assorted articles and papers […]

Personality Characteristics Associated with Obedience and Defiance toward Authoritative Command

Monday, February 4th, 2013

Forty adult males, half having obeyed and half having defied authoritative commands to give high-voltage shocks to a fellow volunteer in a realistic experimental situation, were administered personality tests and questionnaires several months later. Obedient and defiant Ss showed little differentiation on the MMPI, but differed significantly on the California F Scale (p<.003). Significant attitudinal differences were displayed toward own father, experimenter, experimental confederate, sponsoring university, willingness to shoot at men in wartime, and other concepts, in patterns somewhat similar to “authoritarian personalities.” Experimental validation of personality differences previously reported in association with measures of authoritarianism was thus tentatively demonstrated. Exceptions to authoritarian patterns were noted.

The Website of Alan C. Elms